Shabbat Bible Study for 14Aug2021
©2021 Mark Pitrone & Fulfilling Torah Ministries
Year 3 Sabbath 23
Deuteronomy 1:1-46 – Jeremiah 30:4, Amos 2:9-10 – Psalm 120 – Hebrews 3:1- 4:16
Devarim 1.1-4 – Now, Moshe was not saying these words at the shore of the Yam Suf, nor in Horeb, nor at Hazeroth, nor at Kadesh Barnea nor Paran nor Lavan. He spoke these words on the banks of Yarden across from Yericho. So why all the other place names? I don’t think even Moshe’s voice would carry all the way to Baal Zephon from there. All of these references are not even of places they’d been in their Wilderness Adventure. Laban is not a place but a person, Ya’acov’s father-in-law, with whom he had to deal before Mashiyach named him Yisrael on his return trip to the land with his wives and children. So what gives? All these things deal with places or people with whom Yisrael had ‘close encounters’. Moshe is giving Yisrael a veiled rebuke for its history of rebellion and stiffed-necked-ness (I know – I just coined a new term) and natural short-comings during the Exodus. Chumash has a wonderful analysis, according to Rashi, of these references on pg.939;
The entire Book of Deuteronomy was spoken by Moshe in the last 5 weeks of his life. It was his last will and testament to his beloved people. Because they were surely confident that they would not succumb to the alien influences and temptations of Cana’an,he began his words by reminding them of the long stringof the sins and rebellions that had marked the 40 years of the Exodus; if they and their parents could sin when they were surrounded by miracles,surely there would be greater dangers without constant reminders of God’s Presence. But inorder NOT to embarrass and offend his listeners,Moshe did not mention these sins explicitly; instead he alluded to them by using place names and other veiled references [Rashi; Onkelos].
Moshe probably spent a few hours recapitulating at least the high points of the last 40 years of Israelite history. This is the 11th month, 1st day of the month and the 40th year out of Egypt, roughly 2½ months shy of the Pesach they will celebrate in Yehoshua 5.10-11. It may have been exactly 2 months before their circumcision day, which was just before Pesach that year and on the other side of Yarden. Moshe mentions Og of Bashan and Sihon of Heshbon, kings of the Amorites on the east bank, perhaps to encourage Yisrael after he’d just delivered the veiled rebuke for their natural rebellion, in effect saying to them that even though they were a stiff-necked lot, they were still Yehovah’s chosen and He would still be with them as they walked in His Toroth. Yisrael had been frightened by the Cana’ani because of the tourist’s report 38+ years before, but now they had absolute proof of his ability to wipe the Cana’ani out without spilling even one drop of Israelite blood on the desert sand.
Vv.5-46 – KJV says that Moshe began explaining THIS Torah to Yisrael. There are a number of differences between what was written in the previous 38+ years and what Moshe explained to them in Devarim. Chumash says that Yehovah had Moshe write down some of the oral Torah. I think he just did what KJV says, explaining some fine points of Torah for future reference.
Horeb was the general area of which Mt. Sinai is the most outstanding landmark. I think they got very comfortable there, because he said “turn” from Horeb and journey. That word ‘turn’ is a military facing command, like “About : FACE!”. They had not been brought out of Egypt to live on manna next to a Rock that gushed forth water. They were brought out of Egypt so they could be brought into the land Yehovah had promised their fathers. Moshe is recounting what Yehovah would have done had they trusted him to bring them into their land at Kadesh. But they trusted the spies more than Yehovah and didn’t go in. This is one of the things that’s different in the re-telling here, than in the original account, since we are not told this detail in Exodus when they moved out from Horeb. Moshe tells them here that had they gone in from Kadesh, Yehovah would have given them every inch of land he’d promised Avraham in B’reishith 15
12 And when the sun was going down, a deep sleep fell upon Avram; and, lo, an horror of great darkness fell upon him. 13 And he said unto Avram, Know of a surety that thy seed shall be a stranger in a land not theirs, and shall serve them; and they shall afflict them four hundred years; 14 And also that nation, whom they shall serve, will I judge: and afterward shall they come out with great substance. 15 And thou shalt go to thy fathers in peace; thou shalt be buried in a good old age. 16 But in the fourth generation they shall come hither again: for the iniquity of the gAmori not yet full. 17 And it came to pass, that, when the sun went down, and it was dark, behold a smoking furnace, and a burning lamp that passed between those pieces. 18 In the same day Yehovah made a covenant with Avram, saying, Unto thy seed have I given this land, from the river of Egypt unto the great river, the river Euphrates: 19 The Kenni, and the Kenizzi (Yithro’s people), and the Kadmoni, 20 And the Hitti, and the Perizzi, and the Rephaim, 21 And the gAmori, and the Cana’ani, and the Girgashi, and the Yevusi. (Gen.15.12-21)
(These 10 nations MAY be coming together as we speak to take their land back from Yisrael – a 10-nation confederacy? Let’s keep our eyes on the Middle East and see if 1 nation – like possibly the Moslem Brotherhood – causes 3 to fall in order to bring the other 7 into compliance. Think Rev.12, 13 and 17 – 7 heads with 10 crowns. MAYBE!). But they didn’t trust Yehovah and have NEVER received the entire land-grant promised to Avram, though David got pretty close to controlling it all. He’d literally told them “Come and possess the Land”, as if to say, you won’t even have to lift a finger for it – the Amorites will run like scared rabbits from before you.
Vv.9-18 – Moshe recounts how he was unable to be their prophet, their only judge, only general, only political leader and only priest. He needed help to take care of Yisrael’s needs timely. So he asked Yisrael to choose wise men to help him bear the burden, and they chose relatively wisely. Moshe authorized a more or less military chain of command, responsibility and authority from the sergeants to the generals. And it works well, if it is used as it’s designed to work. Chain-jumping in either direction is a bad idea.
Vv.20-36 – Here Moshe recounts the mission the 12 spies were sent out on and the result of it showing that 10 tourists and 2 men of Yehovah went into the Land. Oh, the tourists just LOVED Cana’an as a wonderful place to visit, but they seemed to forget that Yehovah had their backs when they saw there were Anakim there. And so the whole generation of men of war got to die in the Wilderness and only Yehoshua and Kalev got to enter haAretz as promised. You know, I can’t remember either of them bringing a calumnious (slanderous) accusation against any of the 10 tourists or anyone else in the Israelite camp. Yehoshua and Kalev were meek, in the same vein as Moshe. They proved their strength in battle and in right judgment – not by tearing other people down, but by being men of stalwart character. Would that I were ½ the man either of them were.
Then Moshe took one last chance to be a Jewish mother and make Yisrael feel guilty that he would not be able to enter the land, but that Yehoshua would lead them in. Moshe admonished Yisrael to encourage and support Yehoshua, as Yehovah had admonished Moshe to do.
Moshe then recounts how the 10 tourist decided that they could take the land AFter all, and told Moshe they would do it. But Yehovah told Moshe to tell them that they’d blown their chance, that he would not protect them in the battle. They went up against Amor anyway, and had their butts handed to them after which they stayed in their camp at Kadesh Barnea – for 19 years, according to some rabbis. Imagine being camped within a 9 iron shot of the Promised land, at the very place from which you COULD have gone in and had it handed to you on a silver platter, and NOT be able to go in because of one wrong decision. How many of us are in exactly this situation because of our own lack of trust in Yehovah or our own hardness of heart? Q&C
YirmeYahu 30.4 – Our verse is in a context that will enlighten us as to the timing of its fulfillment, so let’s read vv.1-10. The timing of v.4, which addresses both Yisrael and Yehudah, is given in vv.5-10, and it is the time of Ya’acov’s trouble, but he – that is Ya’acov, which includes both houses – shall be delivered from it. That means that Ya’acov will be IN trouble, but he will be delivered because Yehovah, Elohim of Yisrael, will hear this voice of trembling and fear coming from his people and He will answer their cries with Mashiyach, Yehovah Tzavaoth. This will be the ‘Greater Exodus’ of the not too distant future. Ya’acov will obviously be in bondage to an oppressive anti-Yehovah government as they cry out for his deliverance, and Yehovah Tzavaoth will remove their yoke of bondage and break that which binds them to the oppressor, as he did in both Egypt and Babylon/Persia. Then both the oppressor and Ya’acov will serve Yehovah Elohechem and Mashiyach as one body in haAretz.
Amos 2.9-10– As Yehovah Tzavaoth delivered us from Egypt’s oppression and into the land, despite the power of the Emori [the aleph is vowel pointed as ‘e’] who were obviously trans-human giants, so he will deliver his own from oppression and into liberty by his omnipotence. Q&C
Psalm 120 – Psalms 120-134 are called the songs of assent. KJV says “Degrees”, which is from the H4609 ma’alah מעלא, from HR5927 alah עלה, to ascend or go up, with a mem prefix, which means ‘from’. So the word is roughly translated as “from ascents”. When Yisrael brought their tithes to the storehouse, they ascended to the gates of the Temple via a set of 42 steps. Every third step was longer than the previous 2 and on each longer step, beginning at the platform at the bottom (where they would sing this psalm) they would sing the succeeding psalm, so that at all times there were at least 15 different songs of praise being lifted up to Yehovah – a veritable cacophony of praise from morning to evening on the Temple mount. There was a long platform to approach the steps and the 1st Psalm was sung as they approached the riser of the first step. The top step was the platform leading to the Temple itself.
This psalm wonderfully fits the theme for today. Moshe rehearsed the history of Yisrael’s repeated turning aside from following Yehovah and of Yehovah’s forbearance and long-suffering towards us. The haftarah tells us we will be under a yoke of bondage again in ‘Egypt’ and that when we cry out in trembling and fear, as we did in Egypt, He will hear us and deliver us from our yoke of bondage and back into our promised inheritance – the ENTIRE land grant from the Nile [headwaters at Lake Victoria in Tanzania, the north shore is near the Equator, which is the very southern end of the horn of Africa] to the Euphrates and from the Red Sea to the Caucasus Mountains (where the Euphrates headwaters are).
Psalm 120 seems to be speaking of a world system very much like what we see today; lying lips/deceitful tongue is about all we get from the powers that be. Yehovah will recompense the deceivers with ‘arrows made of juniper’. I think this refers to the straightness of the arrow shaft and the intense heat given off as the juniper burns. Not only would the juniper arrow shaft provide an accurate arrow shaft, but if set ablaze would burn in its victim. Meshech is considered by many to be the ancestor of the people who settled the Moschian mountains and eventually joined with the Scythians and became known as the Muscovs, who settled in the capital city of what became Russia. The citizens of Moscow are called Muscovites to this day. To dwell in the tents of Kedar, as sojourning in Meshech, was to be exiled from Yisrael and cut off from the Elohim of Yisrael. In this exile we live among men who hate shalom. We LOVE true shalom, but the world system wants nothing but war and death, so we are ‘on the outs’ with it. But when we call out to Yehovah for our deliverance from its yoke, he hears us and remembers us – he goes to work on our behalf. Q&C
Ivrit 3.1-6 – Who are the partakers in the heavenly calling? In Romans 8 Rav Sha’ul provides the answer. This is from my study in the book of Romans,
ALL YISRAEL shall be saved also refers to the return from exile in Babylon and Assyria, from which only a remnant of Yehudah and Benjamin returned along with so small a number of the other tribes that they could not be considered even a remnant and were counted as parts of the tribes of Yehudah and Benjamin. In the future redemption, ALL Yisrael SHALL be saved. It is predestined.
Those who are predestined are the ‘called according to his purpose’. We see this in – you guessed it – ch.11.
28 As concerning the gospel, enemies for your sakes: but as touching the election beloved for the fathers’ sakes. 29 For the gifts and calling of Elohim are without repentance.
Believing Yisrael is called of Elohim.
If my conclusion there is true, and to the best of MY reasoning it IS, the recipients of Rav Sha’ul’s letter to the Ivrit are a part of believing Yisrael, and partakers in the heavenly calling. Now further on in that study I also conclude that just being of the physical seed of Avraham, Yisrael, does not make one a partaker in the heavenly calling or a part of the spiritual ‘seed of Avraham’, Yisrael. To be of Avraham’s ‘spiritual seed’, there must also be biblical ‘faith’, which is always evidenced by works of Torah.
14 What doth it profit, my brethren, though a man say he hath faith, and have not works? can faith save him? 15 If a brother or sister be naked, and destitute of daily food, 16 And one of you say unto them, Depart in peace, be ye warmed and filled; notwithstanding ye give them not those things which are needful to the body; what doth it profit? 17 Even so faith, if it hath not works, is dead, being alone. 18 Yea, a man may say, Thou hast faith, and I have works: shew me thy faith without thy works, and I will shew thee my faith by my works. 19 Thou believest that there is one Elohim; thou doest well: the devils also believe, and tremble. 20 But wilt thou know, O vain man, that faith without works is dead? (James 2.14-20)
17 And the dragon was wroth with the woman, and went to make war with the remnant of her seed, which keep the commandments of Elohim, and have the testimony of Yeshua haMashiyach. (Revelation 12.17)
12 Here is the patience of the saints: here are they that keep the commandments of Elohim, and the faith of Yeshua. (Revelation 14.12)
This is Yisrael, and so were the recipients of this letter to the Hebrews. The reason for this letter, I think, is that these Ivrit believers in Yeshua haMashiyach, perhaps from among the ‘kohanim that believed’ in Acts 6, were considering a return to the sacrificial system that was about to be completely removed from the earth. The probationary period of 40 years from the actual atonement of Yeshua on his tree was almost over. The Temple they would have to offer the atonement in was about to be destroyed by Titus, the Roman general. Rav Sha’ul ‘remezed’ (hinted) that the Temple was about to be destroyed.
7 But into the second went the high priest alone once every year, not without blood, which he offered for himself, and the errors of the people: 8 Ruach haKodesh this signifying, that the way into the holiest of all was not yet made manifest, while as the first tabernacle was yet standing: 9 Which was a figure for the time then present, in which were offered both gifts and sacrifices, that could not make him that did the service perfect, as pertaining to the conscience; 10 only in meats and drinks, and divers washings, and carnal ordinances, imposed until the time of reformation [tikkun]. 11 But Mashiyach being come an high priest of good things to come, by a greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this building [the heavenly one]; 12 Neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by his own blood he entered in once into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption. (Ivrit 9.7-12)
Ain’t no bull or goat blood good enough to even substitute any more. HalleluYAH!
Paul makes a reference to Moshe’s prophecy in Devarim 18 by way of a midrashic technique of comparing the lesser (Moshe) to the greater (Yeshua)
Yehovah Elohecha will raise up unto thee a Prophet from the midst of thee, of thy brethren, like unto me; unto him ye shall hearken; (Deuteronomy 18:15)
The Notzrim had been applying this passage to Yeshua since Pentecost, at least;
For Moses truly said unto the fathers, A prophet shall Yehovah Elohecha raise up unto you of your brethren, like unto me; him shall ye hear in all things whatsoever he shall say unto you. (Acts 3:22)
If Moshe, as a servant (lesser), was faithful in Yehovah’s house on earth (lesser), how much MORE faithful would Yehovah Yeshua (greater) be in his OWN house (greater)? That heavenly tabernacle in which Yeshua offered his OWN blood was the one he’d built by his own power that was the template for the copy Moshe built on earth. Sha’ul then concludes the first 6 verses with an admonition, “IF we hold fast.” This is one of the phrases that tells me that the believing Jews were considering a return to the now fulfilled sacrificial system. I think their fellow Jews, both Pharisees and Sadducees, were hounding them about their Notzrei lifestyle and eschewal of the blood of bulls and goats for their atonement. It would make life easier if they went back to the sacrificial system. Q&C
Vv.7-12 – This is a single sentence with a parenthetical insert. The sentence stands alone and reads
7 Wherefore, 12 Take heed, brethren, lest there be in any of you an evil heart of unbelief, in departing from the living Elohim.
The parenthetical introduces the next argument that Paul will use to try to convince the believing Ivrit to stand faithful to Yeshua, who IS the living Elohim.
(as Ruach haKodesh saith [Ps.95.7c-11], To day if ye will hear his voice, 8 Harden not your hearts, as in the provocation, in the day of temptation in the wilderness: 9 When your fathers tempted me, proved me, and saw my works forty years. 10 Wherefore I was grieved with that generation, and said, They do alway err in heart; and they have not known my ways. 11 So I sware in my wrath, They shall not enter into my rest.)
On that portion of the Psalm, I had this to say in the Bible study of 27Feb2021,
In v.7b he changes direction by pleading with the redeemed to hear Y’hovah’s voice and not harden our hearts as our fathers did at Sinai. Those who were graffed into Yisrael’s olive tree, made members of her Commonwealth, and made partakers in the vine could be removed as easily as they were added. The generation that hardened their hearts were the ones who had lived under the Egyptian thumb and been partakers of the Egyptian culture and religion. They hardened their hearts because they knew the Egyptian system and incorporated it into their worship of Y’hovah. We need to guard against this same type of hardening, or their end may be ours – denial of the rest we are promised due to our unbelief.
Sha’ul is making the same case to the Ivrit as David did, to not add to the work of the Way of Yehovah. The work of atonement is complete in Mashiyach. It is now time to rest in that atonement and to stand in that rest. To do less or to go back to the atonement of bulls and goats is essentially the same as Yisrael sinking back into their Egyptian idolatry. No matter how bushy the mustache you paint on a pig, it’s still a pig. No matter how you protest, “it’s all for Yehovah”, Xmas, Ishtar and all the pagan feasts are still idolatry. Your place in eternity may be safe, but you are not pleasing Yehovah with that part of your walk. And it is arguably worse if you despise Yeshua’s blood and the work of Ruach haKodesh
23 Let us hold fast the profession of faith without wavering; (for he is faithful that promised;) 24 And let us consider one another to provoke unto love and to good works: 25 Not forsaking the assembling of ourselves together, as the manner of some is; but exhorting: and so much the more, as ye see the day approaching. 26 For if we sin wilfully after that we have received the knowledge of the truth, there remaineth no more sacrifice for sins, 27 But a certain fearful looking for of judgment and fiery indignation, which shall devour the adversaries. 28 He that despised Moshe’s law died without mercy under two or three witnesses: 29 Of how much sorer punishment, suppose ye, shall he be thought worthy, who hath trodden under foot the Son of Elohim, and hath counted the blood of the covenant, wherewith he was sanctified, an unholy thing, and hath done despite unto the Spirit of grace? (10.23-29)
Vv.13-19 – After quoting Ps.95 to make his point, Rav Sha’ul tells them to stand together, exhorting each other and building up each other’s faith and faithfulness to Yeshua, as he has been faithful to them (vv.2, 6). They are to do this daily ‘while it is called Today’. That means don’t wait until tomorrow, do it constantly. Stand fast in the calling to which he has called you, you seed of Avraham.
Watch ye, stand fast in the faith, quit you like men, be strong. (I Corinthians 16:13)
When he says, ‘they could not enter in because of unbelief’, he was speaking of the iniquity they had to bear, the blessing they would not enjoy in their flesh. They could not enter haAretz because at Kadesh Barnea they believed their spies’ lying eyes rather than Yehovah’s promise and proven protection. Paul is basically telling these believing Kohanim Jews who were considering going back into the now useless Temple service that they were actually considering walking in their flesh, rather than Ruach’s rachamim v’chesed (mercy and grace). Q&C
Ivrit 4.1-5 – Because the Israelites, who would not go into the land because they believed their lying spies instead of Yehovah, had to die over the next 38+ years as they lived through the Wilderness Adventure, WE need to fear that WE may not be able to enter into that rest. Remember what we said earlier today
Moshe is recounting what Yehovah would have done had they trusted Him to bring them into their land at Kadesh. But they trusted the spies more than Yehovah and didn’t go in. This is one of the things that’s different in the re-telling here, than in the original account, since we are not told this detail in Exodus when they moved out from Horeb. Moshe tells them here that had they gone in from Kadesh, Yehovah would have given them every inch of land he’d promised Avraham in B’reishith 15 … But they didn’t trust Yehovah and have NEVER received the entire land-grant promised to Avram, though David got pretty close to controlling it all. He’d literally told them “Come and possess the Land”, as if to say, you won’t even have to lift a finger for it – the Amorites will run like scared rabbits from before you.
If this is true, and I think it is, Amor would have either run or been wiped out by Yehovah and Yisrael would have received haAretz without lifting a weapon and just gone into their inheritance. “THAT rest” (v.11) would have begun at Kadesh, just about 1½ years out of Egypt. IOW, our sight walk has already cost us 3500 years of unnecessary exile from the fulness of his promise. Instead, “that rest” will not physically begin until the Millennial Kingdom of Yehovah Yeshua haMashiyach. We believers DO partake spiritually in that rest, but the physical deliverance awaits Mashiyach’s Kingdom.
Notice that Sha’ul says in v.1, ‘lest any of YOU fall short’. He is telling them that they are in danger of not experiencing ANY physical manifestations of the rest promised us. The rest is from the need for animal sacrifices to Yehovah to atone for our transgressions. He says that we have all had the good news preached to us, both they in the Wilderness and we in the end of days
Elohim, who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets, Hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds; (Hebrews 1:1-2)
But they failed to act on the Word preached to them. They believed that Yehovah COULD bring them into haAretz, but they didn’t believe that he WOULD at that time. (Cf. AENT appendix “Good News” on pg.830/31 as it relates to v.2).
“For to us is the announcement, as well as to them, but the Word they heard did not profit them because it was not mingled with the faith of those who heard it” (Heb.4.2) Again the KJV inserts, “For unto us was the gospel preached, as well as unto them.” Rav Sha’ul makes it clear that it is not good enough to hear the truth and accept it intellectually; the Good News is only activated when we exercise faith, which means we observe Torah and live according to the Word of Y’hovah. This is the requirement on our part to participate in the Good News.
The majority of Christians are aware of the importance of mikvah [baptism], which is the total immersion of the physical body in living water. This is an outward sign that is made after there is a change in the inner man. Once he has repented of his sin and dedicated himself to Mashiyach, there is no other action that is more indicative of one who has received the Good News than to be immersed into the Kingdom of Elohim. “And my brothers, I would have you know that our fathers were all of them under the cloud, and they all passed through the sea; and they were all immersed by Moshe in the cloud and in the sea; And they all ate the same spiritual food; and they all drank the same spiritual drink; for they drank from that spiritual rock that attended them, and that rock was the Mashiyach” [1Cor. 10.1-4]. All the Israelites who passed between the parted waters were immersed into the Good News. The had returned to their ancestral spiritual heritage of Avraham through the leading of Moshe Rabbeinu. “Your father Avraham did long to see my day, and he saw it and rejoiced! (Yochanan 8.45 ) The Israelites were given every advantage to know and understand the Good News; their own deliverance after participating in the Passover lamb gave them a blood covering which was accepted before Y’hovah and a substitute for the lives of their own firstborn sons.
Do you see how faith is not just belief, but includes obedience and living the Word that we believe? Mere belief is unprofitable to the believer. If there are no actions in accord with that belief, there is no real growth in the fear and admonition of Yehovah nor anything that will conform us into the image of Yeshua haMashiyach.
For whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate to be conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brethren. (Romans 8:29)
Paul then applies the rest that we hope for to the rest that Yehovah had at the beginning of creation.
2 And on the seventh day Elohim ended his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made. 3 And Elohim blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested from all his work which Elohim created and made. (Gen.2.2-3)
THAT is ‘that rest’ into which we will enter in the Millennium and that we COULD have entered directly from Kadesh 3500 years ago. (Hindsight is always 20/20.) Yehovah’s rest will come to us when we are at perfect shalom with him. For now, that means translation or resurrection. Q&C
Vv.6-10 – speak of those sacrifices that we had to offer yearly to make atonement for our sins, as Rav Sha’ul will make clear in ch.9-10. Yehoshua, son of Nun, did not bring them into the rest Yehovah had intended and would have delivered had it not been for the people believing the lying spies. There yet remains a ‘rest’ for those who exercise their faith in Yehovah and have ceased reliance on the blood of bulls and goats (our own works) and begun to rely on the once for all offering of Yeshua’s blood (rest).
V.11-13 – Let us labor to enter his rest? We have to WORK to rest? Well, Yeah! The reason they DIDN’T enter the land from Kadesh and the reason they didn’t enter the entire land grant when they DID enter the land was the same unbelieving lack of action. They didn’t do all it would have taken – walking in and watching the Amorites run like rats from a sinking ship or cockroaches when the lights go on. The action we need to take is the same one they needed to take – walk in accord with his Word and trust HIS finished work. His Word is alive and cuts both ways, chasing the enemy away or wounding us, depending on our faith-works. It will take our enemies apart, or show us where we need to repent and submit. We can’t hide from the truth of Yehovah’s Word (v.13). It will find us out, either for our instruction and tutorage or for our reproof and correction.
16 All scripture is given by inspiration of Elohim, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness: 17 That the man of Elohim may be perfect, throughly furnished unto all good works. (2Tim.3.16-17)
Vv.14-16 – In these last verses of the chapter, Paul begins the treatise on the high priesthood of Yeshua after the order of Melchizedek that will culminate in ch.10. The recipients of this letter COULD be from among those priests who believed in Act 6
7 And the word of Elohim increased; and the number of the disciples multiplied in Jerusalem greatly; and a great company of the priests were obedient to the faith. (Acts 6.7)
This makes sense to me because fully ½ of the book is directly related to the priesthood of Mashiyach Yeshua. I am becoming more convinced as time goes by that this book was specifically written to kohanim who had been faithful to the Netzari sect and were thinking about returning to their offices in the sacrificial system. I think this would have caused a lot of stumbling among the other Yehudi believers. Perhaps this was a further attempt by haSatan to wrest control of the sect from Yeshua’s shlichim and destroy it. Perhaps SOME of the Netzari kohanim DID cross back over – anti-Ivrit? – and begin to offer offerings again, speeding up Yehovah’s timetable for destroying the Beit haMikdash. All this is speculation, but I think it is a real possibility, and I am seeing it as a viable probability.
Sha’ul encourages the Ivrit to ‘hold fast profession’. That word, profession, is from G3671, homologion, meaning ‘same thought or word’. He is, of course, referring to Torah, as opposed to the traditions of the elders, which is the basis of all doctrine and practice. He makes that appeal in light of our high priest whose flesh has become the first full-blown Ivrit by passing over from death to resurrected life eternal, because OUR high priest, unlike the Idumean high priests of Herod’s temple, knew what we have to deal with in this body of flesh, as did Paul
21 I find then a law, that, when I would do good, evil is present with me. 22 For I delight in the law of Elohim after the inward man: 23 But I see another law in my members, warring against the law of my mind, and bringing me into captivity to the law of sin which is in my members. 24 O wretched man that I am! who shall deliver me from the body of this death? 25 I thank Elohim through Yeshua haMashiyach Elohenu. So then with the mind I myself serve the law of Elohim; but with the flesh the law of sin. (Romans 7.21-25)
Sha’ul described it well, and Yehovah, in the flesh of Yeshua, experienced it all himself so that he could have REAL compassion on us, knowing our infirmities. And so, knowing that we have this kind of high priest, we can come boldly before the throne of Yehovah and make our case before the righteous Judge and King of the Universe, Yeshua haMashiyach, the Tzadik, who HIMSELF will come and Advocate for us in the best kind of ‘kangaroo court’, one where the court is in favor of the accused. Q&C
End of Midrashic study.