April 12, 2014 Shabbat Bible Study
Year 2 – Shabbat 2
©2014 Mark Pitrone and Fulfilling Torah Ministries
Ex. 11:1-12:28 – Jer. 46:13-28, Mic. 7:15 – Psalm 48 – John 3:13-25
Ex.11.1-10 – The Heart hardening score is Y’hovah 6, Paroh 3, haSatan 2. On the 14th day of the 1st month Y’hovah told Moshe to tell b’nei Israel to go out and ask for all the silver and gold the Egyptians were willing to give them, and then he moved the Egyptians to release all they had that the Israelites could carry. “Borrow” is really not the right word. They were told to ask for gold and silver. The Hebrew word is sha’al and it means to inquire, or make a request. I don’t think Y’hovah would have his people ‘borrow’ with no thought of repayment and that they implication of it by the use of ‘borrow’ is just evidence of the anti-Semitic prejudice of the KJV translators. I’m pretty sure that by now, the Egyptians were so full of the plagues Y’hovah brought on them due to Paroh’s hard heart (and head) that they would grant anything the Israelites asked and maybe even offered more than they asked, like, “Are you sure you can’t carry these gold candelabra? How about this lovely silver tea set? I have some zircon-encrusted tweezers! … ” They were to the point that they would give ANYTHING to be rid of Israel and her Y’hovah. The Egyptians and even Paroh’s servants thought Moshe was a Elohim even greater than Paroh (and Aharon was his prophet ch.7 v.1), so when Israel went out asking for precious metals, those people may have thought they were making an atoning offering to Moshe.
Moshe told Paroh that Y’hovah was going to go through Egypt killing the b’chorim of Egypt, man and beast, but that Israel would not be harmed in any way. And then he turned and left Paroh’s presence, again without asking leave or being granted it. The Spirit of Y’hovah had to be in Moshe in a BIG way for him to have the cogliones to do that. Of course, he’d just pronounced 10 plagues over Egypt in about as many days and seen them all come to pass, so he had plenty of evidence that it was indeed Y’hovah who was directing him – as did Paroh. You’d think that Paroh would have gotten it, by now, but power has a way of blinding the powerful from seeing reality. Paroh was holding tenaciously to his belief that HE was the measure of all things on earth, and up until 2-2½ weeks ago, he pretty much was. But he sure miscalculated with Y’hovah and Moshe. He thought that his position would inspire awe in Moshe and Aharon, but Moshe knew in whom the REAL power lay, and no mere man was going to intimidate him. That was the last word between Moshe and Paroh, and the last time either saw the other with physical eyes, though I presume that over the next week Paroh saw a lot of Moshe – in his nightmares. Q&C
12.1-2 – Until now, the year began at creation’s beginning, what has now become the 7th month. But Y’hovah decided to set apart his people in yet another way – by when they started their year. The Schottenstien Chumash has some interesting things to say about Rosh Chodesh in the intro to the chapter on pp.68-69. This is lengthy, so bear with me. Q&C
Vv.3-20 – This instruction HAD to have been given at least 4 days, possibly a week, earlier in order for Israel to be able to comply with it all, because it is HERE that they are told to bring a perfect lamb into their homes for 4 days. Let me quote my study from 2 weeks ago to make the point of the passage as far as v.20:
Just using what information we have in scripture, I think we need to accept that the time was when the barley was ready to harvest and the wheat was still green grass, because the plague of hail and fire destroyed the flax and barley grain and straw and not the wheat or rye grasses (9.31-32). Therefore, I think that the new moon that falls when the barley is ready for at least parching (in the ear) is what Y’hovah was talking about. This new moon could be before the equinox or after. What SEEMS to happen every year (with very few exceptions) is that the first day of unleavened bread falls out on the full moon following the vernal equinox. What MUST happen are 2 things; 1) The 1st day of unleavened bread falls out on the full moon of the 1st month – the 15th day of the lunar month is ALWAYS a full moon, and 2) The barley MUST be harvestable for the day following the next weekly shabbat so that there can be a sheaf of ripe barley waved before Y’hovah as a firstfruits thanksgiving offering. So the sun must have been warm enough to ripen the barley and flax in the southeastern Mediterranean area and the moon must be full for the Feast of unleavened bread to begin. And the evening offering before that full moon is the Passover offering. Without BOTH of those conditions the new biblical year cannot begin. So the sun and moon together witness to the beginning of the biblical year and the cycle of the Feasts of Y’hovah exactly what their purpose was in the Creation (Gen.1.14).
Israel went out to look over their flocks to see which of the family’s yearling lambs was the best to offer to Y’hovah. They were to separate this lamb from the flock and not allow it to go into the fields with the other sheep. They were to watch it and care for it for 4 days. Then they were to kill it and drain its blood into a basin, which MAY have been a depression in the threshold of the door. They were to use a branch of hyssop (v.22) to apply the blood of their lamb to the lintel and doorposts of their homes. Then they were to roast the lamb whole. It was not to be eaten raw, boiled or fried, but roasted. After the blood was applied to the doorposts and lintel, they were not to leave the house until Elohim was finished killing all the firstborn of the Egyptians. Y’hovah, the aspect of ‘goodness/mercy’ of the Almighty, stood in the doorway that had blood on it to prevent Elohim, the aspect of the ‘severity’ of the Almighty, from entering to kill the firstborn of Yisrael. After all the plagues Y’hovah had sent on Egypt, LOTS (perhaps all?) of Egyptians knew who the only true Elohim was, and MANY of them followed Moshe’s instructions as well. When they painted their doors with lamb’s blood, they marked themselves out as Yisraelites and renounced their membership in the Egyptian club. And Y’hovah honored their decision to identify with him. What remained of the lamb was to be burnt by the time of the morning offering.
Vv.11-28 – Next Y’hovah gave instruction on HOW they were supposed to eat the lamb, bitter herbs and unleavened bread. They were to eat the lamb ready for fight or flight; loins girt, shoes on, staff in hand. They would, therefore, necessarily have had to eat one handed. There is no provision to sit or recline to eat, so I assume they ate on their feet and probably with go-bags packed, strapped firmly on their backs and ready to move out. They were supposed to make sure they didn’t cook too much lamb and to eat it quickly, so they wouldn’t need to take the time to burn it. Is this how WE are supposed to remember the Passover? It is not required for us, for in Yeshua’s day, they were keeping a much more traditional Passover:
16 And his disciples went forth, and came into the city, and found as he had said unto them: and they made ready the passover. 17 And in the evening he cometh with the twelve. 18 And as they sat and did eat, Jesus said, Verily I say unto you, One of you which eateth with me shall betray me. (Mk.14)
14 And when the hour was come, he sat down, and the twelve apostles with him. 15 And he said unto them, With desire I have desired to eat this passover with you before I suffer: 16 For I say unto you, I will not any more eat thereof, until it be fulfilled in the kingdom of Elohim. (Lk.22)
We should probably do as Yeshua did, for even the Passover Yeshua kept with his talmidim was a commemoration of what had happened about 1500 years before. Q&C
Who would go through the land of Egypt? Y’hovah, not a man. Who would smite the Egyptians? Y’hovah, not a messenger. Who would kill the firstborn of every critter in Egypt? Y’hovah, not an angel. Y’hovah was going to go through the land and kill the firstborn in every house on which the blood was NOT found on the lintel and doorposts. The father of the house took a sprig of hyssop in his hand (the meaning of the letter yud) and after dipping it in the blood from the basin he would paint the lintel and doorposts (which painting would leave the letter chet on the door frame) with the blood. The significance is the word spelled with those 2 letters, chet yud חי = chai, or life. So Y’hovah would not bring death to the house marked twice by life, 1). The Word that means life painted in 2). The substance that is the life of the body, the dom or blood.
We are commanded to keep this feast in remembrance throughout our generations – all our descendants are to celebrate chag haMatzah for 7 days, following the Passover. The 1st day and the 7th are each a Kodesh Miqra, a set-apart gathering of believers. There are 3 such gatherings every year, Passover/Unleavened Bread, Shavuoth/Pentecost and Feast of Tabernacles/Sukkoth. It is these days, along with the weekly sabbaths on which we are not to forsake the assembling of ourselves together (Heb.10.25, Lev.23.3, 7, 8, 21, 24, 27, 35, 36), at least 52 weekly sabbaths + 7 special yearly sabbaths which can fall on any day of the week. Beginning not later than sundown ending the 14th day of the 1st month we are to eat matzot until sundown ending the 21st day of the 1st month – 7 full days. Why? For the same reason that there is a Red Heifer for the water of purification – because Y’hovah commands it. It is not ours to question why. It is our part to obey. For those same 7 days we are to not have leaven in our homes. Why? Same reason, ultimately. Y’hovah wills it. It is this kind of obedience that leads us to garner wisdom from Torah. When we choose to obey Y’hovah, he rewards us in the best manner possible, the way that is designed to bring us closest to him in the shortest possible time.
Vv.21-28 – This is where the narrative resumes. Up to now, the chapter has been instructions on what and how to observe the Pesach in Egypt that were likely given on rosh chodesh. Now Moshe goes and tells the elders to make it happen: 1). Slaughter the lambs, 2) gather the blood in basins [probably in the thresholds of the home’s entry door], 3) Use bunches of hyssop to brush the blood on the lintels and doorposts, 4) gather your families in your homes and stay there until morning. They were not to leave their homes because Y’hovah was going to come though the nation of Egypt and kill the bachor of every family, man and beast. If an Israelite was outside the house, he was, in effect, forfeiting the protection of the blood on the doorposts and Y’hovah’s protection from Elohim. This is an obvious type of being under the protection of Moshiach’s blood by being ‘in Moshiach’. V.24 is the command to observe the Passover forever in all our generations. And there are commandments for some of the things we do in our traditional seder, like the children’s question that we are to answer, “What do these things we do mean”? The main reason is that Y’hovah had already determined to judge Egypt in their firstborn and it was only by his mercy and grace that they could offer the Passover and apply the blood for their protection, for they were every bit as worthy of the condemnation as was Egypt. V.27 shows us that they understood this, for they bowed their heads in gratitude and worshipped him. And then, they did exactly as they were told. Rip will play some of Rico’s teaching on the Threshold Covenant today. VERY enlightening. Q&C
YirmeYahu 46:13-28 – Y’hovah starts this revelation to YirmeYahu by telling him the general application – Egypt is about to be invaded by Babylon and overrun. Why would YirmeYahu care if Egypt were about to be overrun by the Babylonian hordes? Because the wicked political leaders of the Jewish religion had taken him away so he wouldn’t tell Nebuchadnezzar where they’d gone. Here’s some historical background.
The priests thought Jerry was a traitor. They thought he was in contact with Babylonian spies and gave them inside information about the placement of Yehudi forces so Neb could rout them with ease, because the accuracy of his prophecies was such that he HAD to know what was going to happen. HELLO-O! PROPHET!? They obviously didn’t believe that Y’hovah would work with a man who so obviously (from their perspective) loved Babylon. And since he had inside knowledge of the Babylonian plans they of course acted to save their own skins and ran to Egypt, which had ALWAYS been Yehudah’s friend, right? I guess they never met Charles DeGaulle. The myth that YirmeYahu was a traitor is perpetuated to this day. I found this online at a Messianic website, The Biblical Research Institute, from an article, “Did the prophet Jeremiah go to Ireland?” http://www.biblicalresearchinstitute.com/lectures/lec16.htm:
For more than thirty years Jeremiah, a Babylonian-sympathizer(?), had admonished the people of Jerusalem, “Do no wrong, do no violence to the stranger, the fatherless, nor the widow, neither shed innocent blood” (Jer 22.3). Daily Jeremiah strode the streets of the nation’s capitol warning its population: “I cannot hold my peace, because you have heard, O my soul, the sound of the trumpet, the alarm of war. Destruction upon destruction is cried!” (Jer 4.19-20). For the entirety of his life the prophet remained true to his Babylonian orientation. (?) A hundred years before, Isaiah had consoled Jerusalem with promises of Elohim’s intervention when the powerful Sennacherib had threatened the city but to the disbelief of Zedekiah, the seer Jeremiah cried treason in the streets, “Woe unto us! For the day goes away, for the shadows of the evening are stretched out!” (Jer 6.4).
So, because YirmeYahu gave warning from Y’hovah about the impending judgment of Yehudah, he was a Babylonian sympathizer?! HELLO-O!? Ever read Lamentations? Jerry was taken into Egypt (ch.43) after having warned Yehudah (ch.42) to stay put and live. If he were a Babylonian sympathizer, he’d have stayed to get his reward! Jer.43:
4 So Johanan the son of Kareah, and all the captains of the forces, and all the people, obeyed not the voice of Y’hovah, to dwell in the land of Judah. 5 But Johanan the son of Kareah, and all the captains of the forces, took all the remnant of Judah, that were returned from all nations, whither they had been driven, to dwell in the land of Judah; 6 Even men, and women, and children, and the king’s daughters, and every person that Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard had left with Gedaliah the son of Ahikam the son of Shaphan, and Jeremiah the prophet, and Baruch the son of Neriah. 7 So they came into the land of Egypt: for they obeyed not the voice of Y’hovah: thus came they even to Tahpanhes.
Y’hovah told YirmeYahu (in Egypt) that Nebuchadnezzar would take Tyre and Sidon, but the cost of the campaign would be so high as to be unprofitable, and in those days, kings were in the business of conquest – it was how they made their livings – by looting the defeated.
Eze.26.7 For thus saith Adon Y’hovah; Behold, I will bring upon Tyrus Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon, a king of kings, from the north, with horses, and with chariots, and with horsemen, and companies, and much people.
Eze.29.18 Son of man, Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon caused his army to serve a great service against Tyrus: every head was made bald, and every shoulder was peeled: yet had he no wages, nor his army, for Tyrus, for the service that he had served against it: 19 Therefore thus saith Adon Y’hovah; Behold, I will give the land of Egypt unto Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon; and he shall take her multitude, and take her spoil, and take her prey; and it shall be the wages for his army. 20 I have given him the land of Egypt for his labour wherewith he served against it, because they wrought for me, saith Adon Y’hovah. 21 In that day will I cause the horn of the house of Israel to bud forth, and I will give thee the opening of the mouth in the midst of them; and they shall know that I am Y’hovah.
Y’hovah gave Egypt to Nebuchadnezzar as a consolation prize for being his instrument of Tyre’s destruction and he told YirmeYahu in advance, which had to drive Jerry’s captors absolutely crazy, because they had been watching him like hawks, and KNEW he hadn’t had contact with Babylonian spies – unless there was one in their midst. HELLO-O! Ruach haKodesh?! PROPHET!? And some of these were priests, the ones Ezekiel had seen with their backs to the Holy Place worshipping the sun as it rose on the 1st day of the week following the first full moon of spring – Easter Sunday. They must have waited to finish this Tophet ceremony before going out to the Mount of Olives to cut the barley sheaves for the Bikkurim wave offering. So WHO were the traitors? [end background] Q&C
In v.14, Y’hovah told the Yehudim to stand fast and they would be protected, as he had when they were in Yehudah. But they thought that YirmeYahu was a traitor, so they didn’t believe his admonitions. And this is where the legends of YirmeYahu ending up in Ireland come from – why would these wicked men STOP disobeying Y’hovah at this point? It makes intuitive sense that they fled Babylonian conquest again. That doesn’t make the Ireland/Jeremiah connection true. It just makes sense that they ran somewhere, given these people’s history. So why NOT Ireland? The daughter in v.19 is likely runaway Yehudah, but is possibly the daughter of Zedekiah, who was also taken by the same men. In v.20, Egypt is likened to a heifer. A red RED heifer, or just a prize of known value to be exploited? By the time Nebuchadnezzar is done with Egypt, there won’t be a thing of value left – economic destruction. Destruction is not the only thing that comes out of the north.
For promotion cometh neither from the east, nor from the west, nor from the south. (Psalms 75:6)
What other direction is there for promotion to come from? The north. I think Messiah will come from the north, whether celestial, terrestrial or both – and he will bring both promotion and destruction with him. Kinda like he did with the destruction of the firstborn of Egypt, but the promotion of Yisrael to be his bride. These Yehudi traitors to Y’hovah were at the same kind of crossroad. They could obey and stand still under Y’hovah’s protection, or they could keep going their own way and be destroyed – calamity or deliverance (which is what it means ‘to visit’). Her hired men in v.21 are the wicked priests, and it is their voice in v.22 that go forth like a serpent’s. Shades of Gen.3. The ‘they’ of v.22 is the Babylonian hordes that destroy Egypt as they pass through, as grasshoppers, devouring as they go. Egypt is once again done for.
Notice v.25 says that Y’hovah is going to bring judgment against Paroh, the pagan priests and prostitutes of No, the capital of Upper Egypt, and seat of Egyptian fertility cults dedicated to the elohim Amen, and all who trust them. That presumably refers to the priests of Yehudah in this group. Egypt is being judged right now, with the Moslem Bro’hood hordes. Their destruction is at the hands of Iran’s Shi’a Moslem financed Bro’hood. And it’s Y’hovah’s pieces being placed for the end game that will ensue shortly. After Y’hovah allows Egypt’s destruction, he will bring her back, as we discussed in last week’s haftarah. YirmeYahu then gives Yehudah its own consolation prize, if they’ll accept it. Vv.27-28 speak of Yehudah’s future redemption out of the lands into which Y’hovah exiled them, to be brought back into their inheritance, and 10-Yisrael with them. Their comfort is limited until their chastisement and repentance is complete.
Micah 7:14-15 – The forest fires that the Amalekites set a few years ago in Israel’s Carmel region may have been a Satanic attempt to stop this particular prophecy from seeing fruition any time soon. But Y’hovah can do amazing things, when he wants to. The use of the word ‘days’ here is interesting. Yisrael came out of Egypt in 1 day, not several, and will do so again. So ‘days’ must tie together the day of battle in Egypt 2500 years ago and the day of battle that is in the near future, when Moshiach comes to overthrow the nations of the world and to reign from his throne in Urishlim. Q&C
T’hellim 48 – Mount Zion is ‘beautiful for situation. ‘Situation’ is translated from H5131, נוף, noph. Its root is H5130 נוף nuph. Nuph means shake, wave or bend. Noph means ‘high’ or ‘height’, but the idea is the heights of a tree, waving in the wind, as if it is raising its hands in praise. So David is saying that Mt. Zion/Yerushalayim is praising Y’hovah. ‘On the sides of the north’ is used in another place, as well – Is.14.13:
For thou hast said in thine heart, I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of Elohim: I will sit also upon the mount of the congregation, in the sides of the north:
Sounds like the same place as Ps.48, doesn’t it? Where the spiritual worship of Y’hovah occurs. HaSatan covets Y’hovah’s worship. In this psalm, we see haSatan’s forces coming against Y’hovah in his place, the ‘sides of the north’ and trembling in fear. Elohim is the refuge of all who call on him. All the kings of the earth will come up against him in the last battle of this age (sounds almost Tolkienian, doesn’t it?). I think the reason they will marvel is that their familiar spirits will see the spiritual defenses and tremble at them, affecting their human hosts who will want to turn tail and run. Remember the orcs in The Return of the King movie? The fear was very evident when they saw Gandalf’s light driving away their covering darkness, and they’d have run had it not been for the Nazgul king flying overhead, driving them forward. I think it will be similar at Armageddon. The further I get into this psalm, the more I’m reminded of that movie – not the actual events of it, but the underlying likenesses to the prophetic scriptures. In v.7 Y’hovah breaks the ships of Tarshish, like Aragorn, his companions and the dishonored dead do the Southron ships. As it was prophesied, so it will in the city of the Great King (v.2), the city of Y’hovah Tsavaoth, the city of Elohenu, who will establish it l’olam va’ed. The Great King = Elohenu = Y’hovah Tsavaoth. There is no separating them, and the rabbis have told us that the Great King is Moshiach Tzidkenu. Elohim’s grace and mercy are seen in the midst of his Temple and according to his Name his strength is righteousness. We are going to have to give account of the graciousness of Y’hovah’s righteousness to the new generation (creation) that follows this generation because there will be no sin or need for his grace in the generation to come – the olam haba, for Y’hovah will have subdued sin from human nature
He will turn again, he will have compassion upon us; he will subdue our iniquities; and thou wilt cast all their sins into the depths of the sea. (Micah 7:19)Q&C
Yochanan 3.13-25 – V.13 is the largest prophecy of Moshiach in Torah. It says that Y’hovah Elohenu’s Spirit is personally present both in him and in heaven at the same time. This is a hard concept for a man to grasp. Nic had a hard time getting his mind around it. The verse also gives us knowledge that we have an advocate who has come from the heavens to show us how to live in Torah and to write it on our hearts so that we don’t need to send someone to get it for us. It’s right here within us, indwelling us as it did Yeshua. Deut.30;
11 For this commandment, which I command thee, this day, not hidden from thee, neither far off. 12 Not in heaven, that thou shouldest say, Who shall go up for us to heaven, and bring it unto us, that we may hear it, and do it? 13 Neither beyond the sea, that thou shouldest say, Who shall go over the sea for us, and bring it unto us, that we may hear it, and do it? 14 But the word very nigh unto thee, in thy mouth, and in thy heart, that thou mayest do it.
Yeshua follows up immediately with the smallest prophecy of Moshiach in Torah. Moshe made a brazen serpent and set it on a stick for people to look at with trust in Y’hovah’s promise (not that the serpent could do anything about healing them). They had to trust Y’hovah as much as Moshe did in Ex.4 when he was told to pick up the rod changed into a cobra by its tail. It was the trust that Y’hovah was looking for, not the physical act. When we trust him, Y’hovah gives us HIS life, which is eternal right here in our time, space & matter existence. From his perspective it is eternal (ch.17.24) – from ours everlasting. We see the beginning of our spiritual life: he has chosen and called us to it from before b’reishith (Eph.1.4). In Greek, the words xlated ‘eternal’ and ‘everlasting’ are the same – aionion. Mensa-mensa, same-same. Yeshua was not sent to bring condemnation to us, but deliverance if we trust in him and not our own merit. Those who don’t trust Y’hovah are spiritually dead already, but those who trust him and Yeshua in whom he manifested himself, will not see any condemnation.
Condemnation manifests itself in the unbeliever in his life and lifestyle. If he walks in darkness, he cannot see the light of the world. He prefers darkness, because then he thinks his sin won’t be discerned, but be covered by the darkness in which he walks. But anyone who walks in the Light of the World, Y’hovah Yeshua, will immediately see the unbeliever’s state, because his darkness will be manifest to him in that the unbeliever eschews the Word of Y’hovah. The reason that we, who come TO the Light, are ostracized by our family and friends is that the Light that is in us shines on their darkness and we make them uncomfortable. They know the truth, but refuse to acknowledge it. And when they see us walk in truth and realize that it IS possible to do what Y’hovah instructs, it condemns them in their own hearts and minds – and noone likes to be condemned, especially in his own heart. They think it’s US condemning them, when it is actually their own hearts. All we have to do is obey Y’hovah, and when they see us walking in Truth, their own hearts will condemn them. And THAT we are walking in Torah will be evident in the obvious difference between our own walk and theirs. We, in the meantime, revel in the light because it brings much esteem to Y’hovah when the world sees the difference in our walks. Our good works, our Torah observance, are wrought in Y’hovah, for we are actually incapable of walking in His instructions without the Ruach haKodesh living it out through us.
Vv.22-24 tell us that Yeshua and his talmidim went to immerse themselves, perhaps to Ain Yon (Spring of Doves in Aramaic – interesting in light of the next verses and 1.32, Mat.3.16, Mk.1.10 and Lk.3.22, all of which show the dove descending o Yeshua as he comes out of the water of immersion) where Yochanan was immersing with his talmidim. Perhaps when the Ruach descended on Yeshua, which likely noone saw in the physical, it resembled a dove landing.
“Blessed are You, Y’hovah Elohenu, King of the Universe,
Rock of Ages, righteous throughout all generations.
You are the faithful Elohim, promising and then performing, speaking and then fulfilling,
for all Your words are true and righteous.
Faithful are You, Y’hovah Elohenu, and faithful are Your words,
for no word of Yours shall remain unfulfilled;
You are a faithful and merciful Elohim and King.
Blessed are You, Y’hovah Elohenu, Who are faithful in fulfilling all Your words.” Q&C
End of Shabbat Bible Study